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At the time, he was posing some inquiries to Solicitor General Jose Calida, who filed the quo warranto petition in opposition to Sereno. There may be little quibble that the eligibility of 1 who was appointed to the very best office within the judiciary includes a matter of transcendental importance to the public. Not only is the difficulty certainly one of first impression, it additionally entails a highly sensitive office so much so that the elemental legislation even adopted a coverage of least resistance so as not to hamper the discharge of the important functions of the workplace. It cannot be denied that the duty of the Chief Justice, as the top of the judiciary who assumes the lead function in dishing out justice within the nation, is as a lot essential as its impact to the general public in general. A choice on the petition, therefore, whether or not in favor or towards it, would have far-reaching implications to most people and should necessitate the promulgation of rules for the right steering of the bench, the bar, and the common public in future analogous instances. Even if it had been to be assumed that the motion had prescribed, the rule on prescription of action for quo warranto, or any rule of procedure for that matter, might, on the discretion of the Court, be suspended when the petition is in a position to fashion out a difficulty of transcendental significance or when paramount public curiosity is involved.

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Perhaps owing to novelty, the instant case has opened a pandora’s field of unsolicited opinions, streaming in abundance from these professed authorized and non-legal experts alike. This veritable feast had become too delectable to flee the ready predators’ keen sense of attack, especially at a time when the prey seems to be at its most vulnerable. This Court is an institution designed and dedicated to a selected function and thus refuses to fall prey and invite claws to dig into its walls.

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– A public officer or worker shall upon assumption of workplace and as often thereafter as may be required by regulation, submit a declaration underneath oath of his property, liabilities, and web worth. Thus, the provision proscribes elimination from office of the aforementioned constitutional officers by some other method; in any other case, to allow a public officer who could also be removed solely by impeachment to be charged criminally whereas holding office with an offense that carries a penalty of elimination from workplace, would be violative of the clear mandate of the law. It is also undisputed that the President and the Vice-President could not solely be removed through impeachment, but in addition by way of quo warranto by the Supreme Court, appearing as the Presidential Electoral Tribunal. The next crucial query is whether impeachable and appointive public officers like members of the Supreme Court, the Constitutional Commissions, and the Ombudsman, may be eliminated via a petition for quo warranto. There is nothing in the provision that states that stated public officers may be removed from workplace solely through impeachment.

There isn’t any such thing as vested curiosity or an estate in an office, and even an absolute proper to carry office. A public officer who is not truthful, not forthright, in complying with the skills to public office, perforce, has not legally qualified, was not legally appointed, and consequently, has not legally assumed the mentioned public workplace. A disqualification can’t be erased by intentional concealment of sure defects in complying with the qualifications to public office set by the Constitution and laws. The passage of time is not going to treatment such invalidity of holding public office, much much less, foreclose the proper and duty of the government, the keeper of the mentioned public office, to oust and take away the usurper. Consistently, the Court does not hesitate to impose the supreme penalty of dismissal against public officials whose SALNs have been discovered to have contained discrepancies, inconsistencies and non-disclosures. For occasion, in Rabe v. Flores, the Court unanimously imposed the final word penalty of dismissal from service upon a regional trial court docket interpreter with forfeiture of all retirement advantages and accrued leaves and with prejudice to re-employment for dishonesty and for failure to disclose her business interest, which was a “stall in the market” for continued interval of 4 years.

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The earliest case upon document is alleged to have been in the ninth yr of Richard I., A.D. 1198, and was towards the incumbent of a church, calling upon him to show quo warranto he held the church. It was incessantly employed through the feudal interval, and especially within the reign of Edward I., to strengthen the ability of the crown on the expense of the barons. These encroachments of the royal prerogative having been restricted and checked by statute, resort was then needed to the unique writ of quo warranto. Indeed, both the unique writ of quo warranto and the data in the nature thereof were crown treatments, and though typically unreasonably narrowed in the hands of weak princes, they had been always recognized as of most salutary impact in correcting the abuse or usurpation of franchises.

Nowhere can I say that it should be the Statement of Assets within that month. So, it’s not incorrect for me to have even given authorities a better chance and better tools to evaluate whether I will be hiding any ill-gotten wealth because I’m giving the federal government much more information than you are proposing. Because the law solely says inside thirty days, it doesn’t say as of that date. A member of the Judiciary have to be a person of confirmed competence, integrity, probity, and independence. This pertains to your request this afternoon for copy of the minutes of assembly whereby the Executive Committee of the Judicial and Bar Council supposedly made dedication after the 20 July 2022 JBC En Banc assembly of who among the candidates for the Chief Justice position had or had not substantially complied with the documentary requirements for the stated post. In accepting this farcical petition, it crushes constitutional checks and balances it threatens each Filipino citizen’s proper to a free, neutral justice system.

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